Play online BlackJack for fun or for real money
BlackJack , also known as twenty-one and pontoon in British English, is one of the most popular casino card games in the world.
Best European Online Casinos in 2023
The Energy Casino combines a huge selection of games with great chances of winning and promotions. Immerse yourself in the world of roulette, blackjack, video poker and other highlights of the casino scene.
Vulkan Vegas Casino
Vulkan Vegas is a popular online casino with over 2000 games, fast payouts, generous bonuses, live dealers and reliable customer support.
Get started for free at Bwin Casino and later switch to roulette, slots and more for real money. Exciting leaderboards also sweeten the gaming experience.
Safe fun in the oldest and award-winning Betway Casino casts a spell over veteran and new gamers alike. Exclusive games are the attraction of the casino.
BlackJack , also known as twenty-one and pontoon in British English, is one of the most popular casino card games in the world. Much of blackjack's popularity is due to mix of chance with personal skills and decision making and the publicity that surrounds the practice of card counting - a skill which enables players to turn the odds of the game in their favour by making betting decisions based on the values of the cards remaining in the deck. Blackjack's forerunner was vingt-et-un ("twenty-one"), which originated in French casinos around 1700, and did not offer the 3:2 bonus for a two-card 21.
When blackjack was first introduced in the United States it wasn't very popular, so gambling houses tried to offer various bonus payouts to lure the players to the tables. One such bonus was a 10-to-1 payout if the player's hand consisted of the Ace of spades and a black Jack (either the Jack of clubs or the Jack of spades). This hand was called a "blackjack" and the name stuck even though the bonus payout was soon abolished.
History of BlackJack
The question where did blackjack originate is always presented. The history of blackjack is disputed although it is known that it was born from the French games such as chemin de fer and French Ferme. Blackjack originated in French casinos around the 1700's but the exact year is difficult to determine. Blackjack was in the United States since the early years of the 1800's. The name of blackjack originated from an early bet that involved a player getting a jack of spades and an Ace of spades, both of the black suit as the first two cards. As you can see a combination of history is where blackjack really has originated from.
Mathematics was applied to the game of Blackjack in the year of 1953. The pioneers of Blackjack used calculators and probability to reduce house advantage, which was legal in that time. Roger Baldwin wrote an article in the Journal of American Statistical Association titled "The Optimum Strategy in Blackjack". This really was not the best strategy because they really needed a computer to refine their system. The calculator was slow in figuring and computing so the game could take much longer.
To get better the casinos odds, they did make some changes in the game of blackjack over the years. The casinos introduced new technology like shuffling machines and multiple decks to help beating the odds of those who were counting cards and watching decks. These changes along with the realization that the methods in the books were hard to master brought back the casinos advantage to which they considered acceptable.
In the year 1962, Edward O. Thorp refined the basic strategy and understanding of blackjack and developed the first card counting techniques without using any calculator. What was done from that point was that he wrote a book to share all the information he had gathered about blackjack. He added his results in his book " Beat the Dealer".
Casinos hated this book because they started losing more money. The casinos were not happy about this book because it told the public how to beat the house and consequently money had been paid out over and over again. They wanted to change the rules of blackjack in order to get it harder to win. However, this did not last long due to people protesting against the new rules of blackjack that made it more difficult for gamblers to win. The loss of revenue forced the casinos to go back to the old rules quickly even if the gamblers used books to beat the odds of losing.
Variants of Blackjack
Spanish 21 provides players with many liberal blackjack rules, such as doubling down any number of cards (with the option to 'rescue', or surrender only one wager to the house), payout bonuses for five or more card 21's, 6-7-8 21's, 7-7-7 21's, late surrender, and player blackjacks always winning and player 21's always winning, at the cost of having no 10 cards in the deck (though there are jacks, queens, and kings). With correct basic strategy, a Spanish 21 game has a lower house edge than a comparable blackjack game.
Certain rules changes are employed to create new variant of games. These changes, while attracting the novice player, actually increase the house edge in these games.
Double Exposure Blackjack is a variant in which the dealer's cards are both face-up. This game increases house edge by paying even-money on blackjacks and players losing ties.
Double Attack Blackjack has very liberal blackjack rules and the option of increasing one's wager after seeing the dealer's up card. This game is dealt from a Spanish shoe, and blackjacks only pay even money.
Chinese Blackjack is played by many in Asia, having no splitting of cards, but with other card combination regulations.